Maternal Health

Delivery in Health Facility

Pregnant women deliver in a health facility with an equipped, qualified provider

65% of maternal deaths could be prevented, if all births occurred in health facilities.1 USAID: Ending Preventable Maternal Mortality: USAID Maternal Health Vision for Action
USAID
June 2014 

This is a one-time behavior practiced at each birth.

Key Points from Global Research

  • Facilitating increased positive involvement and support by partners or close relatives of pregnant women can lead to improved planning for and higher rates of facility delivery.
  • Improving both actual quality and potential clients’ perception of quality at maternal health clinics can increase a pregnant woman’s willingness and commitment to deliver in a health facility, despite long distances or other challenges.

Behavior Profile Sample: Delivery in Health Facility

A Behavior Profile is a summary analysis of each behavior. This sample draws from global evidence and illustrates the result of using the Create Behavior Profiles Tool to analyze factors, supporting actors and strategies and to ensure logical pathways exist between strategies proposed and factors related to the practice of the behavior. This sample may be used as a starting point or reference for creating country-specific Behavior Profiles.

CREATE Country-specific Behavior Profiles

Improve maternal and child survival
Pregnant women deliver in a health facility with an equipped, qualified provider
Percentage of live births in the three years preceding the survey delivered at a health facility

Behavior Analysis

Strategy

STEPS

What steps are needed to practice this behavior?
  1. Identify appropriate health facility for delivery
  2. Plan transport, resources and logistics required for delivery in health facility
  3. Obtain all required services before, during and after delivery from qualified provider
  4. Adhere to provider instructions during and following birth of infant

Click on any box
        to see the pathwaysA pathway illustrates how elements in the Behavior Profile are linked. When read from right to left, a pathway highlights how strategies are expected to address the factors to enable adoption of the Accelerator Behavior.  
        of the behavior.

FACTORS

What factors may prevent or support practice of this behavior? These should be analyzed for each country context.
Structural
Accessibility: Clinics are frequently far from households and transport is hard to find, especially in an emergency
Accessibility: Maternity care is not always free
Provider Competencies: Women want to avoid negative provider attitudes and treatment
Facility Experience: Not all clinics are open or staffed 24 hours
Social
Gender: Men are not often involved in pregnancy or childbirth due to tradition, lack of information or lack of accommodation and inclusion of men in the maternal health system
Norms: Traditional birthing practices and preferences differ from women's experiences in clinics
Internal
Attitudes and Beliefs : Women want a healthy baby
Attitudes and Beliefs : Many women perceive the quality of care they receive from a clinic as no better than that which they receive at home from a traditional birth attendant

SUPPORTING ACTORS AND ACTIONS

Who must support the practice of this behavior?
Institutional
Policymakers: Review staffing policy to ensure maternity care is accessible 24 hours
Policymakers: Ensure affordability of care for most vulnerable via insurance schemes, CCTs, or other financing
Managers: Explore ways to offer more of what women want for their delivery in clinic setting
Providers: Actively engage men in pregnancy and delivery decisions
Providers: Offer respectful care to clients
Community
Community Leaders: Support women with transport costs and logistics, including facilitation of community solutions like building maternity waiting shelters
Household
Male Partners: Actively participate in childbirth related decisions and encourage partners to deliver in a facility

POSSIBLE PROGRAM STRATEGIES

How might we focus our efforts based on this analysis?
Enabling Environment
Financing: Create national insurance schemes, use conditional cash transfers (CCTs) or establish community savings schemes to ensure all are able to access maternity services
Partnerships and Networks: Expand delivery of labor and delivery as well as EMONC services beyond formal system via avenues like social franchising
Policies and Governance: Strengthen human resources allocation to ensure 24 hour coverage at all EmONC sites and referral systems
Policies and Governance: Allow non-harmful traditional birthing practices at clinics
Systems, Products and Services
Infrastructure: Explore creation of waiting shelters for mothers
Quality Improvement: Ensure providers are well-trained in and offer respectful maternity care
Demand and Use
Communication: Leverage traditional birth attendants for counseling, referrals and support to women and families in planning for and delivering in a facility, including distribution of birthing kits
Communication: Use targeted media, including SMS where possible, to promote the improved quality of care and tailor reminders and tips for pregnant women and their families, self-created locally appropriate or picture-based birth plans
Collective Engagement: Engage community leaders and men to diffuse responsibility for women's health care

Global Status of Accelerator Behavior

Percentage of live births in the three years preceding the survey delivered at a health facility

Demographic and Health Survey, The DHS Program Indicator Data API, The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program, UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys

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